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A woman from puberty to menopause undergoes lot of complex changes in her body. Throughout this journey she may be called upon to do some surgical procedures because of certain concerns like infertility, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, abnormal bleeding etc…
Laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery or in common term “key hole surgery” is the standard of care in today’s era.
The common indications for laparoscopic surgery in genecology are hysterectomy or uterus removal, management of endometriosis, removal of ovarian cyst, management of ectopic pregnancy, myomectomy or removal of fibroid, tubal recanalization. etc. Now a days gynecological cancer can be treated laparoscopically by an expert.
There are of lots of benefits for this minimally invasive surgery both for patients and surgeons.
We operate through small key holes 5mm and 10mm dimensions, through which a telescope and surgical instruments are introduced. The whole abdominal organs can be visualized clearly with 360 degree panoramic view. We get a magnified view of the organs where as in open surgery the vision is limited to that particular incision site only. The surgical procedure is the same as in open surgery but in laparoscopy we use certain modern instruments for coagulation and cutting of tissues.
As the incisions are very small, patients will be benefited with less pain, less blood loss, less infection, faster recovery, cosmetically better scar compared to open surgery.
The patient can be discharged on the second day of the surgery or on the same day itself in a day care procedure. Since it reduces the hospital stay, patient can get back to her regular routine in minimum time.
With the minimally invasive procedure we do lot of diagnostic and operative procedures. Almost all the gynaecological surgeries except caesarean section can be managed laparoscopically by an expert laparoscopic surgeon.